Features | Partner Sites | Information | LinkXpress
Sign In
GLOBETECH PUBLISHING
BioConferenceLive
JIB

Graphene Could Reshape Neurological Disease Care

By BiotechDaily International staff writers
Posted on 14 May 2014
Image: Structure of graphene (Photo courtesy of Wikimedia).
Image: Structure of graphene (Photo courtesy of Wikimedia).
Graphene, a two-dimensional (2D) crystalline allotrope of carbon, may lead to new advances in several areas of neurosurgery, according to a new topic review.

Researchers at the University of Illinois College of Medicine (Peoria, USA) and Invision Health Brain and Spine Center (Williamsville, NY, USA) argue that neurosurgeons could use graphene-based metamaterials, which possess unique optical, thermal, mechanical, electronic, and quantum properties, to encourage the development of high-performance, lightweight, and malleable electronic devices, ultracapacitors, optical modulators, molecular biodevices, organic photovoltaic cells, lithium-ion microbatteries, frequency multipliers, quantum dots, and integrated circuits.

According to the review, these potential breakthroughs in graphene biomedical technology over the next few decades could significantly impact several areas of neurosurgery, including neuro-oncology, neurointensive care, neuroregeneration research, peripheral nerve surgery, functional neurosurgery, and spine surgery. The review also provides an introduction to the main properties of graphene and discusses future perspectives of ongoing frontline investigations of graphene, with special emphasis on research fields that are expected to substantially impact experimental and clinical neurosurgery. The topic review was published in the May 2014 issue of Neurosurgery.

“While graphene has been shown to be biocompatible, more basic research is needed to examine the long-term biological effects of graphene implants and to answer other important clinical questions,” concluded study authors Tobias Mattei, MD, and Azeem Rehman, BSc. “Increased awareness of the ongoing frontline research on graphene may enable the neurosurgical community to properly take advantage of the technological applications such a new metamaterial may offer.”

Graphene is a monolayer atomic-scale honeycomb lattice of carbon atoms which combines the greatest mechanical strength ever measured in any material (natural or artificial) with very light weight and high elasticity. Graphene has unique optical and photothermal properties which allow it to release energy in the form of heat in response to light input; it also has very high electrical conductivity. The high surface area allows bioconjugation with common biomolecules. Andre Geim and Kostya Novoselov of the University of Manchester (United Kingdom) were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2010 for its development.

Related Links:

Invision Health Brain and Spine Center
University of Illinois College of Medicine



comments powered by Disqus

Channels

Genomics/Proteomics

view channel
Image: Microcomputed tomography images (top) and histology images (bottom) of the knees of mice fed a very high fat diet containing omega-3 fatty acid supplement (left) or only omega-6 fatty acids (right) after a knee injury. The omega-6 diet showed abnormal bone remodeling and calcified tissue formation in the joint (white arrow). The omega-6 diet also showed significant loss of cartilage (red staining, yellow arrowhead) and increased joint inflammation (Photo courtesy of Duke University).

Dietary Omega-3 Fatty Acids Moderate Severity of Osteoarthritis in a Mouse Model

Researchers working with an osteoarthritis (OA) obese mouse model found that the fat content of the animals' diet contributed more to the development or arrest of OA than did body weight.... Read more

Drug Discovery

view channel
Image: Molecular rendering of the crystal structure of parkin (Photo courtesy of Wikimedia Commons).

Cinnamon Feeding Blocks Development of Parkinson's Disease in Mouse Model

A team of neurological researchers has identified a molecular mechanism by which cinnamon acts to protect neurons from damage caused by Parkinson's disease (PD) in a mouse model of the syndrome.... Read more

Therapeutics

view channel

Vaccine Being Developed for Heart Disease Close to Reality

The world’s first vaccine for heart disease is becoming a possibility with researchers demonstrating significant arterial plaque reduction in concept testing in mice. Klaus Ley, MD, from the La Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology (LA Jolla, CA, USA), and a vascular immunology specialist, is leading the vaccine... Read more

Business

view channel

A Surge in IPOs Revitalize Investments for the Global Pharma and Biotech

Anti-infective drugs, oncology, and pharmaceutical contract laboratories attract the most investment up to now. The intensified private equity and venture capital (PEVC) deal activity in the global healthcare industry during the recession years, 2008–2010, witnessed a waning post-2010. However, the decline in deals... Read more
 
Copyright © 2000-2014 Globetech Media. All rights reserved.